What Problems are faced by Women Entrepreneurs in establishing and developing their Enterprises?

Women Entrepreneurs encounter two sets of problems i.e, general problems of entrepreneurs and problems specific to women entrepreneurs. These are discussed as follows.
1. The problem of Finance: Finance is regarded as “Life-blood” for any enterprise whether small or big. However, women entrepreneurs suffer from a shortage of finance on two counts. Firstly women do not generally have property on their names yo use them as collateral for obtaining funds from external sources. Secondly, the banks also consider women less credit-worthy and discourage women borrowers on the belief that they can at any time leave their business.
2. The scarcity of Raw Material: Most of the women enterprises are fallen by the scarcity of raw material and necessary inputs. Added to his is the high price of raw material, on the one hand getting raw material at the minimum discount, on the other.
3. Stiff Competition: Women entrepreneurs do not have organizational set up draw a lot of money for canvassing and advertisement. Thus, they have to face stiff competition for marketing their products with both organized sector and their male counterparts. Such a competition ultimately results in the liquidation of women enterprises.
4. Limited Mobility: Unlike men women, mobility in India is highly limited due to various reasons. The complicated exercise involved in starting an enterprise associated with the official humiliating attitude towards women compels them to give up the idea of starting an enterprise.
5. Family Ties: In India, it is mainly a woman’s duty to look after the children and other members of the family. The man plays a secondary role only. In case of married women, she has to strike a fine balance between her business and family. Her total involvement in the family leaves little or no energy and time to devote for business.
6.Lack of Education: In India, around 60% of women are still illustrated. Illiteracy is the root cause of socio-economic problems. Due to the lack of education and qualitative education, women are not aware of business, technology and market knowledge. Thus lack of education creates problems for women in the setting up and running of business enterprises.
7.Male-Dominated Society: The constitution of India speaks of equality between sexes,, But in practice, women are looked upon as able I. e., weak in all aspects. Women suffer from male reservation about a women’s role, ability and capacity and are treated accordingly. In the nut shell, in the male-dominated Indian society women are not treated equally to men.
8. Low Risk-Bearing Ability: Women in India lead a protected life. They are less educated and economically not self-dependent. All these reduce their ability to bear risk involved in running an enterprise Risk-bearing is an essential requisite of a successful entrepreneur.


Define Rural Entrepreneurship. What is the need for Rural Entrepreneurship?

Rural Entrepreneurship can simply be defined as entrepreneurship emerging in rural-areas is rural entrepreneurship, In other words, establishing industrial units in rural areas refers to rural entrepreneurship. Rural entrepreneurship implies rural industrialization. Rural industries are generally associated with agriculture.
According to Khaidi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC): “Village industry or rural industry means any industry located in rural area, population of which does not exceed 10,000 or such other figure which produces any goods or renders any services with or without use of power and in which the fixed capital investment per head of an artisan or a worker does not exceed a thousand rupees”.
All the village industries have been grouped into seven major categories as follows.
i) Mineral – based industry
ii) Forest-based industry
iii) Agro-based industrial
iv) Polymer and chemical – based industry
v) Engineering and Non – conventional Industry
vi) Textile industry (including khadi) and
vii) Service industry
Need for Rural Entrepreneurship: The need for rural entrepreneurship for developing industries in the rural areas is inspiring with the multiplicity of justification as listed below.
1. Rural industries being labour intensive have high potential in employment generation. Thus, they serve as a cure to the widespread problems of disguised unemployment or underemployment follow the rural territory.
2. By providing employment, these industries have also a high potential for income generation in rural areas. These thus help in reducing disparities in income between rural and urban areas.
3. These industries encourage dispersal of economic activities in rural areas and thus, promote balanced regional development
4. Development of industries in the rural areas also helps build up village republics.
5. Rural industries also help protect and promote art and creativity i.e., the age-old rich heritage of the country.
6. Rural industrialization fosters economic development in rural areas. This control rural-urban migration on the one hand and also lessens the disproportionate growth in the cities reduces the growth of slums. Social tensions and atmospheric pollution on the other
7. Rural industries being environment-friendly lead to development without destruction, i.e., the most essential of the time.

What is the meaning of Entrepreneurial Culture? What are the Elements of Entrepreneurial Culture?

Culture consists of tangible man-made objects, such as automobiles, clothing, furniture, building and tools and intangible concepts such as laws, morals, and knowledge. In addition, culture includes the values, character, qualities, skills acceptable within a particular society. Culture in society is learned and is passed on from one generation to the next. Culture is nurtured, fostered and promoted.
Entrepreneurial culture implies vision, values, norms, and traits that are conducive for the development of the economy.
An entrepreneur has been described as a person who organizes, manages and assumes responsibility for a business or an enterprise.
“An entrepreneurial culture is an environment where someone is motivated to innovate, create and fake risks. In a business an entrepreneurial culture means that employees are encouraged to brainstorm new ideas or products. When work time is dedicated to these activities it is called intrapreneurship”.
Elements of Entrepreneurial Culture:
The following are the elements of entrepreneurial culture.
1. Openness: Share information and lessons learned widely.
2. Adaptability: Monitor organizations internal environment through measurement and external environment through research and identify possibilities for change and improvement.
3. Results and Rewards: Track outcomes, but also reward the right behavior, including organizational citizenship.
4. Learning Organization: Encourage employees to grow and learn with our fear.
5. Others:
i) People and empowerment focus
ii) Value creation through innovation and change
iii) Alteration to be basics.
iv) Hands-on management
v) Doing the right thing
vi) Freedom to grow and to fail
vii) Commitment and personal responsibility
viii) Emphasis on the future.

Explain Tourism Entrepreneurship?

Tourism entrepreneurship refers to the activities of the major group of stakeholders of his sector primarily designed for the effective and profitable interaction of demand for and supply of tourism products, at the same time assuring competitive professionalism and gainful socio-economic status.
Definition: Tourism entrepreneurship can be defined as “the professional application of knowledge. Skills and competencies and monetizing a tourism-related new idea, by an individual or a set of people by launching an enterprise or diversifying from an existing one, thus to pursue growth generating wealth, employment and social good”.
“A Tourism entrepreneur is a person who undertakes a risk to start up their business. This risk could end up making a profit or dishing up a loss. An entrepreneur usually has a vision dream or idea with a lot of hard work, they try and make work”.

What is Agri-preneurship? What is the need for developing Agri-preneurship in India?

Agri-preneurship is simply entrepreneurship in the agriculture sector. Agriculture is the cultivation of plants and animals and products used to sustain life.
Agripreneur is a new breed of entrepreneurs combining their love of farming and agricultural with business Agriculture can range from any age group however most are younger people getting back into the food business to bring healthy better choices to the consumer.

Definition: Agripreneur ship defined as “generally sustainable, community-oriented, directly marketed agriculture, sustainable agriculture denotes a holistic, systems-oriented approach to farming that focuses on the interrelationships of social, economic, and environmental processes.
Need for developing Agripreneurship in India: Agriculture forms the backbone of the Indian economy. Hence India is also called as an “agriculture dominated country That agricultural plays a vital role in the Indian is evidenced by the facts that it contributes 22 percent to the total gross domestic products, provides employment to around 65 percent of the total workforce and contribute 14.7 percent of total exports of the country.
Agriculture has developed over the years is reflected by various indicators such as increasing productivity, cropping intensity, high yielding variety seeds, diversification, mechanization, and modernization or agriculture.
The significance of Agripreneurship:

a) Availability of land for agricultural purposes.
b) The low requirement of funds for agricultural activities
c) Illiterate and less educated population.
d) Lack of employment opportunities in formula sector
e) Prevalence of large-scale unemployment
f) Both backward and forward inducements and linkages of agricultural development for industrial development.

The Importance of Ancient Indian History

The study of ancient Indian history is important for several reasons. It tells us how, when and where people developed the earliest cultures in our country. It indicates how they started agriculture which made life secure and settled. It shows how the ancient Indians discovered and utilized natural resources, and how they created the means for their livelihood. We come to know how they took to farming, spinning, weaving, metal-working, and so on; how they cleared forests; and how they founded villages, cities, and finally large kingdoms.

People are not considered civilized unless they know writing. The different forms of writing prevalent in India today are all derived from the ancient scripts. This is also true of the languages that we speaks today. The languages we use have roots in ancient times, and have developed through the ages.

Unity in Diversity

Ancient Indian history is interesting because India proved to be a crucible of ethnic groups. The pre-Aryans, the Indo-Aryans, the Greeks, the Scythians, the Hunas, the Turks, etc. made India their home. Each ethnic group contributed its mite to the evolution of the Indian social system, art and architecture, and literature. All these peoples and their cultural traits mixed up so inextricably with one another that at present none of them can be clearly Identified in their original form.

A remarkable feature of ancient Indian culture has been the commingling of cultural elements from the north and the south, and from the east and the west. The Aryan elements are equated with the Vedic and Sanskritic culture of the north and the pre-Aryan with Dravidian and Tamil culture of the south. But many Dravidian and non-Sanskritic terms occur in the Vedic texts ascribed to 1500-500 B.C. They indicate ideas, institutions, products, and settlements associated with the peninsular and non-Vedic India. Similarly many Pali and Sanskrit terms signifying ideas and institutions developed in the Gangetic plains appear in the earliest Tamil texts called the Sangam literature which is roughly used for the period 300 B.C. – A.D. 600. The eastern region inhabited by the pre-Aryan tribals made its own Contribution. The people of this speak Munda or Kolarian languages. Several terms that signify the use of cotton, navigation, digging stick, etc., in Indo Aryan languages are traced to the Munda languages by the linguists. Although there are many Munda pockets in Chhotanagpur plateau, the remnants of the Munda culture are not so strong as those of the Dravidian culture. Many Dravidian terms are also used found in the Indo-Aryan languages. It is held that changes in the phonetics and vocabulary of the Vedic language can be explained as much on the basis of the Dravidian influence as that of the Munda influence.

India has since ancient times been the land of several religions. Ancient India witnessed the birth of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism; but all these cultures and religions intermingled and acted and reacted upon one another in such a manner that though people speak different languages, practice different social customs, they follow certain common styles of life throughout the country. Our country shows a deep underlying unity in spite of great diversity.

The ancients strove for unity. They looked upon this vast subcontinent as one land. The name Bharatavarsha or the land of Bharata was given to the whole country after the name of an ancient tribe called the Bharatas, and the people were called Bharatasantati or the descendants of Bharata. Our ancient poets, philosophers and writers viewed the country as an integral unit. They spoke of the land stretching from the Himalayas to the sea as the proper domain of a single universal monarch. The kings who tried to establish their authority from the Himalayas to the Cape Comorin and from the valley of the Brahmaputra in the east to the land beyond the Indus in the west were universally praised. They were called Chakravartins. This numerous small states in the post Gupta period, the official documents were written in Sanskrit.

Another notable fact is that the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, were studied with the same zeal and devotion in the land of the Tamils as in the intellectual circles of Banaras and Taxila. Originally composed in Sanskrit, these epics came to be presented in different local languages. But whatever the form in which Indian cultural values and ideas were expressed, the substance remained the same throughout the country.

Indian history deserves over attention because of a peculiar type of social system which developed in this country. In north India arose the varna/caste system affected even the Christians and the Muslims. The converts belonged to some caste, and even when they left Hinduism to join the new religion they continued to maintain some of their old caste practices.

Relevance of the Past to the Present

The study of India’s past assumes special significance in the context of the problems we face in modern times. the problems we face in modern times. Some people clamour for the restoration of ancient culture and civilization, and a good many are sentimentally swayed by what they consider to be the past glories of India. This is different from the concern for the preservation of ancient heritage in art and architecture. What they really want to bring back is the old pattern of society and culture. Such a situation demands a far better understanding of the past. There is no doubt that ancient Indians made remarkable progress in different fields of life, but these advances cannot enable us to compete with the achievements of modern science and technology. We cannot ignore the fact that the ancient Indian society was marked by gross social injustice. The lower orders, particularly the shudras and untouchables, were encumbered with disabilities which are shocking to the modern mind. The restoration of the old way of life will naturally revive and strengthen all these inequities. Ancient India’s march to civilization was accompanied by the growth of social discriminations. The success of the ancients in surmounting the difficulties presented by nature and human factors can build our hope and confidence in future, but the attempt to bring back the past will mean the perpetuation of social inequity which plagued the country. All this makes it necessary to know what the past means.

We have many survivals of ancient, medieval and later times persisting in the present. The old norms, values, social customs and ritualistic practices are so deeply ingrained in the minds of the people that they cannot easily get rid of them. Unfortunately these survivals inhibit the development of the individual and the country. They were deliberately fostered in a colonialist situation. India cannot develop speedily unless such vestiges of the past are removed from its society. The caste system and sectarianism. The caste system and sectarianism hinder the integration and development of the country on democratic lines. Caste barriers and prejudices do not allow even the educated people to appreciate, the dignity of manual labour and prevent our unity for a common cause. Though women have been enfranchised, their age-long social subordination prevents them from playing their due roe in social progress. This is also true of the lower orders of society. The study of ancient Indian helps us to go deeply into the roots of these prejudices. We can find out the causes that sustain the caste system, subordinate women, and promote narrow religious sectarianism. The study of ancient Indian history, therefore, is relevant not only to those who want to relive but also to those who want to appreciate the nature of obstacles that hamper the development of the country.

Thailand’s legislature legalizes medical use of marijuana

Thailand's legislature legalizes medical use of marijuana

Marijuana plants are examined under a magnifying glass. (File photo| Reuters)

BANGKOK: Thailand’s legislature has agreed to amend the country’s drug law to allow the licensed medical use of marijuana, as well as the kratom, a locally grown plant traditionally used as a stimulant and painkiller.

Thailand is the first country in Southeast Asia to take such action, which is also under consideration in neighbouring Malaysia.

The legislation passed its final reading Tuesday at the National Legislative Assembly by a vote of 166-0 with 13 abstentions.

ALSO READ | New Zealand passes bill to authorize use of medical marijuana – Reports

The changes, which become law when published in the Royal Gazette, legalize the production, import, export, possession and use of marijuana and kratom products for medical purposes.

Recreational use of the drugs remains illegal and subject to prison terms and fines commensurate with the quantities involved.

Public hearings showed overwhelming support for the measure.

Rescue team race against time as workers still trapped inside illegal mine in Meghalaya

New Delhi: The rescue team is battling against time as the rising water levels and a lack of effective machinery on Tuesday made it difficult to reach 15 miners trapped for nearly two weeks in a flooded mine in Meghalaya.

The workers were lost on December 13 after water gushed in from a nearby river, in the northeastern state of Meghalaya.

Rescue team race against time as workers still trapped inside illegal mine in Meghalaya

Dozens of emergency workers have since been racing against time to rescue the miners from a 106 metre (330-foot) shaft.

There has been no contact with the workers but their families are clinging to hopes that they are in an air pocket.

Problems in rescue ops

Rescue chief S.K. Shastri told AFP nothing has been heard from the miners, but that “in such cases we always presume they are alive.”

Engineers are struggling with ineffective machinery that cannot cope with the deluge in the pit. “The water level hasn’t gone down an inch — it increased after it rained,” Shastri said.

“The two 25 horsepower pumps were ineffective. We need up to 12 100 horsepower pumps to drain out water.”

A miner who survived the flooding told reporters five men escaped as water burst into the pit. “I was about five feet away from the ground that morning and on my way up, when I suddenly felt a lot of air and then saw water,” the 21-year-old said.

5 Funniest Selfies That Have Ever Been Taken

1. Can you see what is passing by this man..?

5 Funniest Selfies That Have Ever Been Taken


2. Will you give me something to eat or else I will eat your hair..!


3. Yes, I know how to click while falling down!

Google Images

4. This is until that moment I realize that something went wrong:


5. How to brush your teeth like a man & take selfie?

7 Abnormally Large Animals That Really Exist

Hello my dear friends, I welcome back all of you to our Uc news Rocking India channel where you get interesting & thrilling photo post every day. Today I have brought an article about 7 abnormally large animals that really exist. Looking at their photos you will be surprised & shocked. So, without any further delay let me show those photos to all of you here.

7. The Tallest Dog

7 Abnormally Large Animals That Really Exist


Have you seen the world’s tallest dog which is named Freddy? It is recorded in the Guinness World Record & It is bigger than an average human being as you can see in the picture.

6. Huge Frog


Have you seen such a huge frog? Human is not even able to lift it properly because of its massive weight, this frog should be recorded in the Guinness world records. what do you say guys?

5. Rhinoceros beetle


Here is an amazing huge Rhinocerous beetle is an exception in the whole beetle community.

4. Flemish rabbit


Just see this Flemish rabbit is the size of an average sized dog & this rabbit which is recorded as the largest is sized 4 feet 3 inches.

3. The Huge cow


There are very rare breeds of cows which are more huge than a normal sized cow & they are even bigger than humans.

2. Nomura’s Jellyfish


This jellyfish is one of the largest in the whole world. This fully grown jellyfish is bigger than an average human being.

1. Coconut crab


Do you know that this land living crab is the most giant crab ever seen in the world? Just look at it crawling up on the dustbin, feels like it’s going to swallow all of it. What do you say about this post guys? Which of this photos surprised or thrilled you?

You can share opinions & reviews about this article in the comment box & share it with everyone whom you know. Follow our Rocking India channel for getting such awesome articles coming daily. Thank you.