5 Side Effects of Fast Food You need to Know

Fast foods are fast and straightforward to organize meals. Although the name “FAST FOOD” might ring your bells, nevertheless there are a pair of stuff you ought to apprehend. regarding the fortieth of the world’s population eat nourishment each day. However, why such a lot fuss regarding nourishment, isn’t it healthy?

No, nourishment isn’t healthy the least bit and during this article, I’ll prove why you ought to watch out.

5 Side Effects of Fast Food You need to Know

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1) Obesity

The amount of atomic number 11 nourishment contains is impossible. quick foods contain sugar, salt, and fat that create them high in calories. These calories are smart for health within the future.

You can gain a terrible quantity of weight in no time that may lead to multiple diseases within the future. overwhelming atomic number 11 over commonplace volume might be dangerous.

2) Bones

Carbohydrates and sugar within the nourishment increase acid in the mouth. ingestion an excessive amount of nourishment will disturb your overall acid flux level within the body. enhanced acid in mouth affects teeth slowly.

Being on fleshiness, your bone density can decrease step by step. In the end, you’ll suffer from bone cracking and alternative problems.

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3) Mindfulness

You mustn’t be hit by a truck to lose your memory. Ingestion nourishment for five days per week affects your memory. ingestion nourishment on regular basis creates a series of chemical process within the body resulting in inflammation in-memory a part of the brain.

Fast food suppresses the brain’s tissue and peptides. Now, you’ll be able to have nourishment at your own risk.

4) Depression

Did you recognize that nourishment causes depression? No! it will. Sugar and salt in quick foods amendment chemical activities within the brain. you will suffer from stress and take a look at to eat a lot of nourishment which might create things worse.

Fast food suppresses amino acids within the body that handle depression.

You can additionally suffer from Associate in a Nursing imbalance of carboxylic acid.

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5) Aggression

Fast food might amendment your behaviour. ingestion lots of nourishment promote aggression, inability, and violence in your body.

There are different types of chemical process nourishment causes in your body. Being aggressive for no reason might be dangerous for your adored ones.

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Pro tips for young boys to get fairer skin

Hello friends welcome to my channel, today I am giving you useful pro tips to get fairer face and skin for young boys and all age groups man. Today we all want to look dashing and smart but due to our busy schedules we ignored our skin care routine. But don’t worry I am here to give some useful tips to get fairer in two easy steps.

Pro tips for young boys to get fairer skin

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Drink lots of water ( 5-7 liters in day) especially drink water in morning.

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As you all know water is very important for our body functions. Water gives us natural nutrition but water is also very important for our skin and face. It can give activated testrones which is very useful for fair skin. Especially drink water in the morning before eating anything. Because it removed dead cells and tissues from our body.

Always use face wash , Wash your face with face wash in morning.

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We always apply many types of cosmetics on our face to get fairer. But face wash is the most tremendous routine for fairer face. The most important routine of our fairer skin whenever you awake then kindly wash your face with face wash. It helps you to reduce your dead cells and blackheads.

Do these two methods regularly for six months then you will get prefect result. If you won’t get it I will close my channel. But, perhaps do these steps regularly.

Best supplements for the bowel: Five vitamins and minerals for a healthy digestive system

The bowel helps break down food so your body can absorb nutrients from it, then moves waste through the colon and out of the body through your stools. Keeping this process running smoothly helps reduce your risk of chronic digestive problems like constipation and bloating, and more serious conditions like bowel cancer. So what can you do to ensure a healthy bowel? Kym Lang, nutritionist for Enterosgel, offered Express.co.uk her top five supplements for a healthy bowel.

But firstly, Kym advised: “Don’t let them replace a healthy diet with plenty of fibre, essential for bowel health.

“Evidence from the World Cancer Research Fund shows that high-dose supplements may increase cancer risk, so don’t rely on them for digestive health – always aim to boost your vitamins and minerals through food where you can.”

Magnesium

Magnesium supports nervous system function, and its muscle relaxing effect may ease stomach aches and cramps, said Kym.She explained: “Magnesium draws water into the bowel, softening stools and triggering the urge to use the toilet, so it can be useful if you get constipation. Many everyday foods are rich in magnesium, from porridge oats and dairy to green leafy vegetables and fish.

“If you struggle to include enough of these foods into your diet, you could try a supplement. I recommend magnesium citrate, usually found as a powder that you mix into water.

“Don’t forget to drink plenty of water or herbal tea to naturally support softer stools.”

Best supplements for the bowel: Five vitamins and minerals for a healthy digestive system

Best supplements for the bowel: Certain vitamins and minerals can aid healthy digestion (Image: GETTY)

Probiotic supplements

These provide bacteria similar to the live colonies of microorganisms already living in our large bowel.

Kym explained: “Probiotic supplements are well-studied, and safe for most people. There’s sound evidence that probiotics can reduce the frequency of loose stools, particularly traveller’s diarrhoea and diarrhoea following a course of antibiotics.

“Make sure you take your probiotic supplement for at least four to eight weeks to see if it’s helping. A supplement containing bifidobacteria and lactobacillus, two common strains of bacteria in our gut, is a good choice. Check the label to see if you need to store it in the fridge. Top up your levels with live natural yoghurt, which is also high in probiotic bacteria.”

Intestinal adsorbent

If you suffer with diarrhoea, try an intestinal adsorbent, like Enterosgel, said Kym, which is scientifically proven to help reduce diarrhoea, whether from an acute bout of gastroenteritis or ongoing irritable bowel syndrome.

She added: “Enterosgel binds to harmful substances in the digestive tract, including bacterial toxins, and removes them with the stool. Enterosgel has a neutral taste and mixes easily into water; and because it is drug-free and gentle, it’s suitable for families with young children.”

Best supplements for the bowel: Studies show probiotics can reduce the frequency of loose stools (Image: GETTY)

Best supplements for the bowel: The muscle relaxing effect of magnesium could ease stomach aches (Image: GETTY)

L-glutamine

L-glutamine is an amino acid, a building block of protein that’s essential for well-functioning digestion. It’s the main fuel source for the cells that line your gut and is thought to help maintain a strong barrier function.

Kym advised: “If you experience frequent digestive problems like pain or bloating, try taking L-glutamine in supplement form for two to three months and monitor the effects. Building up the mucous membrane that lines your bowel may also help boost gut immunity. However, it’s important not to take L-glutamine if you have cancer or are at higher risk of developing it.”

Digestive enzymes

These break down food in the gut, helping the body access nutrients.

Kym said: “If you often feel bloated or have excess wind, your body may not be producing enough digestive enzymes. Choose a supplement that includes a broad range of enzymes for the best effect. The digestive enzyme lactase can also be helpful for people who are lactose-intolerant.

“Take lactase tablets at the same time as the food containing lactose, for instance cow’s milk; or add drops to milk and leave for 24 hours before drinking. It can help you more easily digest dairy products – plus you’re still benefiting from their calcium content which works to boost digestive enzyme production.”

The NHS recommends the best foods to help with digestion:

  • Eat plenty of fibre – such as wholemeal bread, brown rice, fruit and veg, beans and oats
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Cut down on fat
  • Go easy on spiced to avoid tummy troubles

Supplements are recommended for a range of health conditions, including arthritis.

Lung cancer warning – the one eye colour that could be a sign of a deadly tumour

Lung cancer is one of the most serious types of cancer to be diagnosed, as it’s usually difficult to spot until it has spread to other parts of the body. But, it’s also one of the most common to be diagnosed in the UK, warned the NHS. Signs of the disease only tend to reveal themselves once the cancer has spread through the lungs. You could be at risk of deadly lung cancer symptoms if you notice your eyes have turned a yellow colour, it’s been revealed.

A yellowing of the eyes could be a sign of lung cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.

It’s part of a condition known as jaundice, which may be a sign that lung cancer has spread to the liver.

You may also notice that your skin has turned a shade of yellow, or that your urine is slightly darker than normal.

“Most lung cancers do not cause any symptoms until they have spread, but some people with early lung cancer do have symptoms,” said the American Cancer Society.

“If you go to your doctor when you first notice symptoms, your cancer might be diagnosed at an earlier stage, when treatment is more likely to be effective.

“If lung cancer spreads to distant organs, it may cause yellowing of the skin and eyes [jaundice], from cancer spread to the liver.”

Lung cancer warning - the one eye colour that could be a sign of a deadly tumour

Lung cancer symptoms: Signs of a deadly tumour include having a yellow eye colour (Image: GETTY Images)

The NHS added: “Jaundice is caused by the build-up in your body of a yellow substance called bilirubin.

“It can be a sign of something serious, such as liver disease, so you need to get urgent medical help.”

Other warning signs of jaundice include having itchy skin, or passing paler-coloured stools than normal, it said.

You should dial 111 straight away if you think you may have jaundice. They can provide advice on what to do next, said the NHS.

Your jaundice could also be caused by gallstones, alcoholic liver disease, pancreatitis, hepatitis, or sickle cell disease.

Lung cancer symptoms: Signs include having a cough that won’t go away and weight loss (Image: GETTY Images)

Other lung cancer symptoms include having a cough that won’t go away, hoarseness, or feeling short of breath.

You should speak to a doctor if you’re worried about the signs or symptoms of lung cancer.

Around 45,000 people are diagnosed with lung cancer in the UK every year.

The outlook for lung cancer isn’t as good as other types of cancer, as the symptoms are usually only spotted in its later stages.

About one in three patients live for at least a year after their diagnosis, while one in 20 live for another 10 years.

Lung cancer: British man now cancer free after trialling immunotherapy vaccine

Ralph Corderoy, 70, was diagnosed with lung cancer six years ago and was told he would have just 12 months to live. The retired plumber from Oxford was struck down with mesothelioma – a cancer of the lung linked to asbestos exposure. Ralph had no symptoms of lung cancer and was only diagnosed after a routine health check. “At 64 I was looking into my pensions when I was advised to get a medical due to my job,” said Ralph.

“I was supposed to have died by the end of 2014. But immunotherapy has, so far, helped me escape death

Ralph Corderoy

“In September 2013, I had an X-ray that revealed a shadow on my lung. I had no symptoms, I felt fine and had no reason to believe I had an issue. A week later, the doctor said it was lung cancer.

“I’m a common-sense man, I knew it was a death sentence. On average, people can expect 12 to 18 months – I didn’t expect to live that long.”

After discovery of the disease, Ralph was told his only option was to remove the lining of his lungs.

Unhappy with this, Ralph decided to explore other options, leading him to the discovery of immunotherapy.

Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body’s natural defences to fight cancer.

Under the treatment of Professor Angus Dalgleish and the Churchill Hospital in Oxford, Ralph was placed on a trial for an immunotherapy drug called IMM-101, during which he received injections of the drug every four to six months, alongside regular scans.

Lung cancer: British man now cancer free after trialling immunotherapy vaccine

Lung cancer is one of the most common, and serious, cancers in the UK (Image: Getty Images)

“Four years passed [since diagnosis], and although I had to quit work, I was well and built a new house for me and my wife,” Ralph said.

“I had a brief spell out after falling from my attic, (two vertebrae and a cracked rib), but overall an excellent quality of life.

“I was under the care of Churchill Hospital in Oxford who were excellent and helped monitor my illness.

“They offered me chemotherapy, but I knew straight from the off that it wasn’t an option for me – I’d rather pass away.”

Six years since diagnosis, Ralph is now cancer free, which he said he “can only put down to the drug they provided”.

“I was supposed to have died by the end of 2014. But immunotherapy has, so far, helped me escape death,” he said.

Ralph Corderoy is now cancer free after undergoing immunotherapy (Image: Getty Images)

Ralph’s cancer was revealed in an x-ray – he had no symptoms (Image: Getty Images)

Professor Dalgleish’s research is funded by a charity called the Institute for Cancer Vaccines and Immunotherapy, which exclusively funds research into fighting cancer with vaccines and immunotherapy.

According to Professor Dalgleish, the immunotherapy vaccine contains “minimal” toxicity, meaning it has no side effects compared to chemotherapy.

“With Ralph he got this and low dose Naltrexone together. He has done six years and was not expected to last more than six to 18 months maximum,” said Professor Dalgleish.

“These new treatments for the management of cancer need more funding so immunotherapy becomes the first port of call along with chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer patients.”

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the UK. It is often regarded as the most serious type of the disease, as it can be difficult to treat when the cancer has spread.

Symptoms don’t often appear until the cancer has spread, meaning the outlook isn’t as good as it is for many other types of cancer.

Overall, about one in three people with lung cancer live for at least a year after they’re diagnosed and about one in 20 people live at least 10 years, according to the NHS.

Smartphones help researchers better understand the nature of depression and anxiety

Smartphones help researchers better understand the nature of depression and anxiety

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Decades of research into anxiety and depression have resulted in the development of models that help explain the causes and dimensions of the two disorders.

For all of their well-established utility however, these models measure differences between individuals and are derived from studies designed using few assessments that can be months or even years apart.

In other words, the models are highly informative, but not optimal for examining what’s happening emotionally in a particular person from moment to moment.

Now, a University at Buffalo psychologist is extending that valuable research to repeatedly and frequently measure symptoms of specific individuals, in real time, to learn how immediate feelings relate to later symptoms.

The research casts anxiety and depression in a manner not previously studied and the results suggest that some emotions linger in a way that predicts feelings beyond what’s happening at specific times. This information could provide treatment benefits for patients struggling with the disorders, according to Kristin Gainey, an assistant professor in UB’s psychology department and the study’s author.

“Clinicians aren’t primarily interested in how one person’s symptoms compare to someone else, which is what most studies focus on. Rather, they’re most interested in how to shift the feelings of someone with anxiety or depression. In other words, they want to understand how to change the emotional experiences of a given individual over time and across different situations,” says Gainey, an expert on emotion and affect in mood and anxiety disorders and a recent recipient of one of the American Psychological Association’s Early Career Distinguished Scientific awards. “The only way to get at that directly is to measure these processes repeatedly within a person as they’re happening.”

To do that, Gainey conducted baseline assessments on 135 participants, each of whom were already seeking some kind of psychological treatment.

Three times a day for 10 weeks, the participants received surveys on their smartphones about their feelings and symptoms. They completed the survey within 20 minutes of its arrival.

“That generated enough reports to provide a good sense for each person’s fluctuations and trajectories of symptoms and affect (defined as the objective feeling state that’s part of an emotion),” says Gainey.

A smartphone provides a portrait of immediacy that questionnaires distributed in a lab that summarize feelings over extended periods are unable to achieve.

“We can’t always remember accurately how we felt days and weeks ago, especially if there were some days you felt really bad and other days you felt great,” she says. “That’s not easy to summarize in a single index.”

Anxiety and depression are each unique disorders, but they often appear together in a single patient. Both disorders share high levels of negative emotions, such as fear, sadness and anger, while low levels of positive emotions, like excitement and interest, are unique to depression.

Gainey says it’s not surprising that particular affective states, like feeling happy or feeling sad, might be responsible for symptoms experienced soon afterward. What researchers don’t know much about is how long those affects tend to persist, and which specific symptoms they lead to hours or days later.

“This study let us see that some affects were short-lived, but for depression, if you were feeling high levels of negative affect, even if we control for how depressed a participant was at that time, it was still predictive of increased depression 24 hours later,” says Gainey.

That might suggest that clinicians could track peoples’ positive and negative affect in real time and plot trajectories that are indicative of increased risk.

“If we can identify specific risk factors for increased symptoms in real time, we could even use smartphones to send suggestions about helpful strategies or alert the person’s mental health care provider,” she says.

The free exercise plan which helps to burn hundreds of calories REVEALED

The free exercise plan which helps to burn hundreds of calories REVEALED

For the good of your health or in a bid for new-found confidence, for those who are overweight, slimming can be very beneficial. Creating a calorie deficit by consuming a healthy, balanced diet and regularly exercising, is a recommended way to lose weight. However, that’s not to say that beginning your training regime can seem like the easiest of tasks. Whether you’re not sure which exercises to do, or find the prospect of working out to be daunting, improving your fitness can bring unsettling feelings.

In a bid to encourage others to get moving, DW Fitness First and Reebok have teamed up, launching a free dance inspired work out series created by Reebok brand ambassador Danielle Peazer.

The professional dancer and fully qualified personal trainer has produced the five 10-minute work out sessions based on her training guide, the Danielle Peazer Method.

Using her experience in the field – or rather, on the stage – the 30-year-old’s programme aims to tone the body in the same way as a professional dancer would.

The series are currently being rolled out, since January until this May, and will be available to stream for free on a variety of channels – including DW Fitness First’s ‘CORE’ app and MTV, as well as on the DW Fitness website.

So, what can you expect from the work out?

Inspired by dance, the programme contains traditional HIIT exercises, as well as more stylised moves.

Weight loss plan: Danielle Peazer created the five 10-minute work outs which are inspired by dance (Image: GETTY • DW FITNESS FIRST • REEBOK)

Divided into five sections, covering mobility, abs and core, upper body, lower body, and dance, DW Fitness First’s Head of UK Gym Floor Experience Tim Andrews estimated the full work out could burn approximately 350 and 400 calories.

Estimated calorie information per 10-minute work out

  • Work out 1 – Mobility – 60 calories
  • Work out 2 – Abs & Core – 60 calories
  • Work out 3 – Upper Body – 70 calories
  • Work out 4 – Lower Body – 80 calories
  • Work out 5 – Dance – 80 calories

The cardio aspect and weight training are combined in the work out.

Speaking to Express.co.uk, Danielle said: “I think it’s better for your fitness if you can combine cardio with a little bit of weights.”

Weight loss: The five 10-minute exercise plan aims to tone your body (Image: DW FITNESS FIRST • REEBOK)

Weight loss: Danielle Peazer hopes the work out will empower women through exercise (Image: DW FITNESS FIRST • REEBOK)

And, the personal trainer explained, she felt the music playlist could serve as a good distraction method for some, so those taking part can focus on what they were listening to, while toning their body.

As well as toning up, the programme also aims to make working out as accessible as possible – hence the option to follow the moves in the gym or at home.

The reason for the work out? Danielle explained she hoped the collaboration would empower women through exercise, whilst having fun and getting fit.

New study shows dietary self-monitoring takes less than 15 minutes a day

New study shows dietary self-monitoring takes less than 15 minutes a day

How much time does dietary self-monitoring really take? The answer is, not very much. (Instagram)

One of the best predictor of success to losing weight is monitoring and recording calorie and fat intake throughout the day. However dietary self-monitoring is widely viewed as so unpleasant and time-consuming, many would-be weight-losers can’t muster the will power to do it. A new research, to be published in the March issue of Obesity suggests that the reality of dietary self-monitoring may be far less disagreeable than the perception. The study found that after six months of monitoring their dietary intake, the most successful participants in an online behavioural weight-loss programme spent an average of just 14.6 minutes per day on the activity.

Programme participants recorded the calories and fat for all foods and beverages they consumed, as well as the portion sizes and the preparation methods. Conducted by researchers at the University of Vermont and the University of South Carolina, the study is the first to quantify the amount of time that dietary self-monitoring actually takes for those who successfully shed those extra kilos. Lead author of the study Jean Harvey said, “People hate it; they think it’s onerous and awful, but the question we had was: How much time does dietary self-monitoring really take?” adding, “The answer is, not very much.”

The study is the first to quantify the amount of time that dietary self-monitoring actually takes for those who successfully shed those extra kilos. (Unsplash)

Harvey and her colleagues looked at the dietary self-monitoring habits of 142 participants in an online behavioural weight control intervention. For 24 weeks, participants met weekly for an online group session led by a trained dietitian. Furthermore, volunteers logged their daily food intake online, in the process leaving behind a record of how much time they spent on the activity and how often they logged in.

Participants who lost 10% of their body weight — the most successful members of the cohort — spent an average of 23.2 minutes per day on self-monitoring in the first month of the programme. By the sixth month, the time had dropped to 14.6 minutes. Notably, what predicted the most weight-loss success was not the time spent monitoring but the frequency of log-ins, confirming the conclusions of earlier studies.

Harvey said, “Those who self-monitored three or more time per day, and were consistent day after day, were the most successful.” Harvey attributes the decrease in time needed for self-monitoring to participants’ increasing efficiency in recording data and to the web program’s progressive ability to complete words and phrases automatically after just a few letters were entered. The study’s most important contribution, Harvey said, may be in helping prospective weight-losers set behavioural targets.

Whey Protein Benefits & Nutritional Significance

Whey Protein Benefits & Nutritional Significance

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Great for bodybuilder to gain muscles

When people are exercising to increase the muscle mass, they need a tremendous amount of protein to repair damaged muscles from exercise as well as increase the size. Whey protein supplements can easily help them to gain an additional 30 to 50 grams of pure and good quality of protein including their diet. Hence there will be no need to worry about taking the right and good quality of protein from food and diet can be kept flexible as time demands. Whey protein shakes also usually contain a good amount of fiber needed for roughage here it will keep the digestion and protein metabolism optimum.

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Maintains hormones and neurotransmitter levels

Many hormones, as well as neurotransmitters such as insulin, melatonin, serotonin etc, are synthesizer from amino acids obtained from proteins. So when you are getting the right amount of good quality protein, you will have to least worry about your physical and mental health.

Great for women

Women have a very different metabolism than men. They also have a high risk of getting anemia because of loss of blood during menstruation. Hence there is always a high need for protein to fulfill the need for production of hemoglobin for blood formation. Whey shakes for women act as a nourishing supplement to fulfill this high protein need.

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Helpful in weight loss

Many people are tending towards high protein diet foods as they are helpful in losing weight. Maintaining low carb high protein diet get a lot easier when you are consuming whey protein powder. In fact, some studies have shown that protein supplements help in reducing weight.

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Helps to keep digestion optimum and low blood sugars

Whey protein powder contains a good amount of added fibres which help in roughage and flow of food in the digestive tract. When you are consuming normal foods its very hard to maintain fiber level in your diet, especially when you are vegetarian. You can also refer to this list of high fiber foods in case you are interested in taking fiber through your diet. If you plan to rely on fiber through protein drinks, It should be checked whether your brand adds fiber or not. Fiber has also shown to help in maintaining your blood sugars to low. It does this by releasing the food sugars slowly into the blood from the intestine (by creating bigger bulk) instead of shooting it up. For the above prime reasons and many more subsidiary reasons, consuming whey protein supplements such as hydrolysate, concentrate or isolate is a good option to satisfy your protein needs.

When to see a doctor if a child has a nosebleed

Table of contents

  1. What to do
  2. When to see a doctor
  3. Medical treatment
  4. Causes
  5. Prevention
  6. Summary

Nosebleeds are common in children but are usually short-lived and rarely a cause for concern. Persistent, recurring, or very heavy bleeding may, however, require medical attention.

Doctors refer to nosebleeds as epistaxis. Approximately 60 percent of people will experience a nosebleed at some point during their life. However, nosebleeds occur most commonly in children aged between 2 and 10 years and in older people aged 50 to 80 years.

Although the bleeding can sometimes be alarming, only about 10 percent of nosebleeds are serious enough to require medical treatment.

In this article, we explain what to do when a child’s nose starts bleeding and when to see a doctor. We also discuss medical treatments, causes, and tips for prevention.

What to do

When to see a doctor if a child has a nosebleed

People can treat most nosebleeds at home.

A person can usually treat a child’s nosebleed at home. It is important to stay calm because most nosebleeds are short-lived and do not indicate a serious problem.

To treat a child with a nosebleed:

  • Start by sitting the child down and reassuring them. Have them sit upright and leaning slightly forward.
  • Do not lean the child back or lie them down because this can cause them to swallow the blood and may lead to coughing or vomiting.
  • Gently pinch the tip of the child’s nose between two fingers using a tissue or clean towel and have them breathe through their mouth.
  • Continue to apply pressure for around 10 minutes, even if the bleeding stops.

Do not fill the child’s nose with gauze or tissue and avoid spraying anything into the nose.

When to see a doctor

Children with nosebleeds do not typically require medical attention. Most nosebleeds are short-lived, and it is usually possible to treat the child at home.

However, talk to a doctor if the nosebleeds:

  • occur frequently
  • change from a familiar pattern to a new one
  • occur alongside chronic congestion or other signs of easy bleeding or bruising
  • begin after the child starts taking a new medication
  • regularly require a trip to the emergency room

A nosebleed requires urgent medical attention if:

  • it continues after 20 minutes of applying pressure to the child’s nose
  • it occurs following a head injury, fall, or blow to the face
  • the child also has an intense headache, a fever, or other concerning symptoms
  • the child’s nose appears misshapen or broken
  • the child shows signs of having lost too much blood, such as looking pale, having little energy, feeling dizzy, or passing out
  • the child begins coughing up or vomiting blood
  • the child has a bleeding disorder or is taking blood thinners

Medical treatment

Children with severe nosebleeds should see a healthcare professional, who will try to stop the bleeding.

Treatment options for nosebleeds include:

  • applying silver nitrate to blood vessels to seal them
  • cauterizing, or burning, the blood vessels to seal them
  • packing the nose with medicated gauze to constrict the blood vessels

After stopping the bleeding, a doctor will examine the child to determine the cause. In some cases, the child may require surgery to fix a problem with the blood vessels in the nose.

Causes

An injury or blow to the face can irritate blood vessels in the nose.

Most nosebleeds are anterior nosebleeds, which means that the bleeding occurs in the front, soft part of the nose. This area of the nose contains many small blood vessels that can rupture and bleed if they become irritated or inflamed.

Posterior nosebleeds develop in the rear of the nose and rarely occur in children. This type of nosebleed tends to be heavier, and it can be more difficult to stop the bleeding.

Irritation of the blood vessels is a common cause of anterior nosebleeds. Several things can irritate the blood vessels in the nose, including:

  • dry air
  • picking the nose
  • nasal allergies
  • an injury or blow to the nose or face, for example, from a ball or fall
  • sinusitis, common colds, the flu, and other infections that affect the nasal passages
  • nasal polyps
  • overuse of nasal sprays

Less common causes of nosebleeds in children can include:

  • conditions that affect bleeding or blood clotting, such as hemophilia
  • certain medications, including blood thinners
  • heart disease
  • high blood pressure
  • cancer

Prevention tips

Although it may not be possible to prevent all nosebleeds in children, a person can take steps to help reduce their occurrence. These include:

  • treating allergies to prevent inflammation in the nose
  • using saline (saltwater) nasal sprays to keep the child’s nose moist
  • running a humidifier or vaporizer in the child’s bedroom to prevent the air from drying out
  • keeping children’s nails trimmed to prevent injuries due to nose picking
  • encouraging children to wear appropriate protective equipment during sports or other activities where injury to the nose is possible

Summary

Nosebleeds are a common occurrence in young children and rarely a cause for concern. A person can usually treat the bleeding at home by applying continuous, gentle pressure to the soft part of the child’s nose for around 10 minutes.

Call 911 or take the child to the emergency room if they seem dizzy or weak or if they pass out. It is also necessary to seek immediate medical attention if the bleeding is very heavy, does not stop after 20 minutes, or occurs after a fall or head injury.

Most nosebleeds in children are due to dry air, nose picking, nasal allergies, or other factors that irritate the delicate blood vessels in the front of the nose.

A person should consult a doctor or pediatrician if the child has frequent nosebleeds or has recently started taking a new medication.