A a/an and one (adjective)
1 When counting or measuring time, distance, weight etc. we can use either a/an or one for the singular:
£ 1 = a/one pound £1,000,000 = a/one million pounds
But note that in the rent is £100 a weak the a before week is not replaceable by one.
In other types of statement, a/an and one are not normally interchangeable, because of one + noun normally means ‘one only/not more than one’ and a/an does not mean this:
A shotgun is no good. (It is the wrong sort of thing.)
One shotgun is no good. (I need two or three.)
2 Special uses of one
(a) one (adjective/pronoun) used with another/others:
One (boy) wanted to read, another/others wanted to watch TV.
One day he wanted his lunch early, another day he wanted it late.
(b) one can be used before day/week/month/year/summer/winter etc. or before the name of the day or month to denote a particular time when something happened:
One night there was a terrible storm.
One winter the snow fell early.
One day a telegram arrived.
(c) one day can also be used to mean ‘at some future date’:
One day you’ll be sorry you treated him so badly.
(Some day would also be possible.)
B a/an and one (pronoun)
one is the pronoun equivalent of a/an:
Did you get a ticket? — Yes, I managed to get one.
The plural of one used in this way is some:
Did you get tickets? — Yes, I managed to get i some