The French Revolution And Napoleon

                          FRANCE by 'divine right' without recognising any dependence on, or partnership with, the body of the nation, and which controlled France through its officials and its bureaucracy; the richest, the most splendid, and life had most influential of the monarchies of Europe. …

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The French Revolution And Napoleon

           EUROPE UNDER THE OLD REGIME Century and led to the independence of the United States has some features in common with these instances already given.    The end of the eighteenth century sees hardly a shadow of international action or aspiration.  But with the French Revolution  (it is important to …

The French Revolution And Napoleon

                      THE BALANCE OF POWER and an authority raised above the different states which could decide between them. It  fell ludicrously short of that ideal, but it was something that it kept it alive. The organisation of the Church, too, was inevitably international in aim …

The French Revolution And Napoleon

                           MODERN EUROPE Europe is not merely a geographical expression. It implies not only a definite area of the earth's surface, but also a certain type of civilisation.  The conceptions of the European states concerning social life and government, concerning religion and art …