. CHAPTER 1 – Articels
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The French Revolution And Napoleon

                          FRANCE

by ‘divine right’ without recognising any dependence on, or partnership with, the body of the nation, and which controlled France through its officials and its bureaucracy; the richest, the most splendid, and life had most influential of the monarchies …

CHAPTER 1
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The French Revolution And Napoleon

           EUROPE UNDER THE OLD REGIME

Century and led to the independence of the United States has some features in common with these instances already given.

   The end of the eighteenth century sees hardly a …

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The French Revolution And Napoleon

                      THE BALANCE OF POWER

and an authority raised above the different states which could decide between them. It  fell ludicrously short of that ideal, but it was something that …

CHAPTER 1
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The French Revolution And Napoleon

                           MODERN EUROPE

Europe is not merely a geographical expression. It implies not only a definite area of the earth’s surface, but also a certain type of civilisation.  …