According to Hindu faith, marriages are made in heaven. If you are married once then the bond is supposed to last for 7 lifetimes. So it is observed that to be a turning point in every individual’s life. As he/she enters the Second most important phase of his/her life called the ‘Garhasthyaashram’.
Pre-Wedding Rituals :-
In India, mostly Hindu marriages are still arranged marriages. So it is necessary to done Pre-wedding ceremonies. Pre-wedding ceremonies mean finding a perfect match to his/her by bride or groom’s families. a perfect match can be found through a friend or relative or professional matchmaker or many matrimonial sites.
Even now, love marriages are also increasing. In these love marriages, the two families of the couple are to love marriages, the two families of the couple are to be introduced and agree with a Union.
In most communities in Hindu, There is a stress upon a horoscope matching before proceeding future arrangements in an arranged marriage. If the stars of girl and boy are in perfect harmony, then the marriage of the couple will confirm. Then the two families discuss the details of the marriage event. In Engagement ceremony, data is fixed when the wedding will take place and also data is announced to all relatives, friends in this ceremony.
In Engagement ceremony, there is an exchange of rings between the bride & groom. This may take place in some cultures. Now it becomes a trend also. But there is an ancient culture that is an exchange of gifts between two bride and groom families for acceptance and the wedding like few months because to celebrate grand. Ganesh puja, Mehendi, Sangeet, Haldi are few rituals.
Ganesh Puja is held by bride and groom’s families because to remove all obstacles from the couple’s life path.
Mehendi is mostly a North Indian tradition. In Mehendi, the paste of henna is applied on the bride’s and groom’s hands and also relatives. present other cultures like Bengalis and South Indians have also made Mehendi as a part in wedding fun. the filled ceremony where both the families perform song-dance routines and to know each other. This is known as the Sangeet ceremony. This is also a North India Culture but how all other cultures adopted this ceremony.
Haldi ceremony is a very common ritual among all cultures and communities in India. in Haldi ceremony, turmeric is to be pasted with other ingredients. This may vary from culture to culture. Then this paste is applied to respective places of bride and groom by the elderly by sacred water.
There are some key steps like Kanyadaan and Paanigrahan, Vivaah Homa, and Agni Pradakshina, and saptapadi according to Grihya Sutrov. Without these keys steps, the marriage cannot complete. Traditionally, in many cultures the bride’s parents host the wedding ceremony. Groom and his family arrive at the Mandap. The bride’s Father then gives her to the groom is know as Kanyadaan. The left hand of the bride is placed on the groom’s right hand then parents utter Today, the bride is Laxmi and the groom is Vishnu, Then they say we will repay the debt to our forefather by continuing next life cycle while giving her away. Garments of both bride and groom’s end are tied in a knot and they make seven circles around the sacred fire uttering promise to each other. This is known as Agni Pradakshina.
Completion of all these rituals, marriage is also concluded. Finally, the couple seeks blessing from elders of the families.
There are also some post-wedding rituals are vidaai , welcoming of Bride at groom’s house and reception.
In the vidaai ceremony, the bride’s family gives an emotional sendoff to her.
Welcoming of the bride at the groom’s house is done by the groom’s mother, with a traditional aarti. Finally, reception is done and it can either organized by the bride’s family after the completion of wedding rituals to feed guest and to bless the couple.