The land is the most important resource of natural resources of any country. The land has the Characteristic of inelasticity in supply. The economic development of a nation directly depends on the total land is available for cultivation. Therefore, the rate of economic growth of a country depends on the optimal utilization of land. Hence, in a dynamic world, certain modifications can occur in the existing pattern of land utilization.
|1||Total Geographical area||328.72|
|2||Total reported area||305.61|
|3||Not available for cultivation||42.95|
|5||Permanent pastures & Another grazing land||10.14|
|6||Land under misc, tree crops and groves||33.51|
|8||Fallow lands other than current fallow||10.48|
|10||Net are sown||140.02|
|11||The area was sown more than once||52.17|
|12||Total cropped area||192.19|
The Table shows that the total geographical area of our country is about 328.72 million hectares. The total area repotted is about 306 million hectares. The total cropped area is about 192 million hectares. The total area under fallow lands is about 26 million hectares and the area under forests is 70 motion hectares. As a result of increased irrigation facilities, the cultivable wasteland has been declined to 12.85 million hectares. It is to be noted that still, 43 million hectares are not available for cultivation.
In addition to this, the Government has provided loans and subsidies to the farmers for land reclamation. Hence, more land has been brought under cultivation.
1. Recent trends in land utilization:-
The reclamation of waste and fallow lands is in good progress as a result of land reforms consisting of the abolition of Zamindari and Jagirdari systems. Such reforms enabled tenants to reclaim the waste and fallow lands for which they have acquired rights.
2. Increase in the area sown more than once:-
Expansion of irrigation facilities along with high yielding variety crops with short gestation period resulted from high significant increase in the area sown more than once.
3. Use of farmland for non-farm activities:-
Increasing demand for non-farm activities like industrialization, house sites, etc. resulted in a shortfall of culturable land. As a result, land brought under cultivation is marginal. In order to meet the requirements of a rapidly growing population, optimum use of land resources is essential.